Efficient dielectric matrix calculations using the Lanczos algorithm for fast many-body G0W0 implementations
"Efficient dielectric matrix calculations using the Lanczos algorithm for fast many-body G0W0 implementations", J. Laflamme Janssen, B. Rousseau, and M. Côté, Phys. Rev. B 91, 125120 (2015).
We present a G0W0 implementation that assesses the two major bottlenecks of traditional plane-waves implementations, the summations over conduction states and the inversion of the dielectric matrix, without introducing new approximations in the formalism. The first bottleneck is circumvented by converting the summations into Sternheimer equations. Then, the novel avenue of expressing the dielectric matrix in a Lanczos basis is developed, which reduces the matrix size by orders of magnitude while being computationally efficient. We also develop a model dielectric operator that allows us to further reduce the size of the dielectric matrix without accuracy loss. Furthermore, we develop a scheme that reduces the numerical cost of the contour deformation technique to the level of the lightest plasmon pole model. Finally, the use of the simplified quasiminimal residual scheme in replacement of the conjugate gradients algorithm allows a direct evaluation of the G0W0 corrections at the desired real frequencies, without need for analytical continuation. The performance of the resulting G0W0 implementation is demonstrated by comparison with a traditional plane-waves implementation, which reveals a 500-fold speedup for the silane molecule. Finally, the accuracy of our G0W0 implementation is demonstrated by comparison with other G0W0 calculations and experimental results.
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